If you have never installed Ubuntu OS before then you must be curious about Ubuntu Operating and its default apps. In this this post I have tried to list and brief the major features and apps which will be installed in a fresh Ubuntu OS.
Lets get inside of a freshly installed Ubuntu System and explore what softwares are installed.
1. Linux Kernel (Isn’t it stupid to mention? NO, It’s not.)
Linux kernel is probably one the best thing we have seen around. It has changed the way of information technology and computer science. Not just Ubuntu but all other linux which is also known as Unix-like operating system has changed the world. Believe it or not If you have never uses Linux on your PC or Mac but you already have somehow using it. Right now you are reading this blog which is iteself hosted on Ubuntu Server. Not just this blog but the 60% of the wole webhosting industry is using Linux
Now, come to the point what will we get with freshly installed Ubuntu System. Generally on Linux system we don’t have to worry about viruses and other malwares which we see most commonly on Windows and OSX. Kernel of an Operating System is like the sole of it. This is why listing it matters.
2. Web Browsing: Mozilla Firefox
Mozilla Firefox is the most popular web browser in the world after Google Chrome. Apart from this there is a simple browser also dubbed as “browser” will be installed. You may also option to install popular softwares like Google Chrome, Chromium, Arora, Midori. There are more than 20 web browsers available from Ubuntu Apps Directory alone.
3. Office Application: LibreOffice
It is a fork of OpenOffice project once owned by Sun Microsystem. Some core developers created LibreOffice when Oracle acquired Sun Microsystem, back in 2010. However, OpenOffice is now given to Apache (known for Apache web server). Apart from LibreOffice and OpenOffice you may use Microsoft 365 and plenty of other tools.
4. PDF Reader: Evince PDF Viewer
PDF Viewer is a portable PDF reader which allows you to view PDF Files and create bookmarks, Zoom In-Out and a few other essential features. It do now allow users to edit PDF files.
5. Social Media: Empathy, Pidgin
Empathy and Pidgin will fulfil your social media and chat need. Pidgin is a popular IM client and even if you are a Windows user then I am sure you are aware of. These software will also connect you to Ubuntu IRC channel so you can get instant help from other Ubuntu Users.
6. Email: Mozilla Thunderbird
Mozilla Thunderbird is the most popular Email Client. It is an open-source project backed by Mozilla Foundation. This application is comes as a core application since a very long time.
7. Photos Shotwell Photo Manager
Shotwell Photo Manager will allow you to organise your images. This is of course better than the Windows Photo Viewer app. It allows you to tag, export and share.
8. Music and Videos: Rhythmbox Music Player, GNOME Video player (based on Totem)
The audio and video player are not very rich feature and proprietary codecs are required to play various popular formats including MP3. These codecs are available for free to download from Software Center.
But at some point you would like to install VLC media player or other player.
9. Games and Apps:
Ubuntu comes with two popular games Sudoku and Solitaire. These are some games to kill your free time. Hey, you always have option to install large games from various place. There was a time when there were very limited games for Linux platform. But not the scenario has changed.
10. P2P file sharing: Transmission (torrent client)
Transmission is “utorrent” for Ubuntu. It is most popular among Ubuntu Community and provide all essential for personal torrenting.
What is missing then..
- Codecs like mp3 and other properitories.
- Cloud Storage App like Dropbox (sadly Ubuntu One gone but hey you may install Dropbox)
Check this to know few things you should do right after installing Ubuntu OS on your system.
Let me know if you think particular app should be listed here.